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Palpation of soft tissues at the medial side

Medial collateral ligament

The medial collateral Hgament is a broad, flat and almost triangular band, with a large insertion on the posterosuperior aspect of the medial femoral epicondyle, dose to the insertion of the adductor magnus tendon. Its fibres run obliquely, anteriorly and inferiorly, to insert at the medial aspect of the tibia, just behind […]

Palpation of soft tissue

Place the palpating finger a few centimetres distal to the anterior superior iliac spine and ask the patient to lift and abduct the extended leg.

Two structures can be felt and I or seen, one at each side of the finger, forming an inverted V (the lateral femoral triangle). The sartorius is the medial and […]

Hip Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Pelvis and femur bone The acetabulum is the socket Muscles: Flexors: Iliopsoas, sartorius, rectus femoris Extensors: Gluteus maximus, hamstring muscles Abductors: Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus Adductors: Gracilis, pectineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus Nerves: Femoral: Hip flexors Obturator: Adductors Superior gluteal: Abductors Ligaments: Sacroiliac: Sacrum to ilium Sacrotuberous: Sacrum to […]