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The medial malleolus, the sustentaculum tali, the tuberosity of the scaphoid and the base of the first metatarsal bone constitute the important bony landmarks at the medial aspect of the ankle and foot. The medial malleolus is felt with ease. The sustentaculum tali is found about 2 em below the tip of the medial malleolus. […]

The carpal tunnel

The carpal tunnel lies between

– on the ulnar side – the pisiform bone and the hook of the hamate bone and – on the radial side – the tubercle of the scaphoid bone and the trapezium bone.

It can be localized on the heel of the hand and somewhat towards the ulnar side. It […]


At the distal end of the radius the styloid process can be palpated. Slightly more proximally on the radius a small groove can be found.Just distally to the styloid process the scaphoid (navicular) bone is palpable. It can be made more prominent by asking the subject to execute ulnar deviation of the wrist. When the […]

Fracture of the Scaphoid

Fracture of the scaphoid

A fracture of the scaphoid bone in the wrist can result from a fall with the wrist bent backwards on an extended arm. The injury is particularly common in contact sports such as soccer, American football, rugby, ice hockey, and team handball, but can also occur in skiers and others.

The […]

Scaphoid Fracture


There is localised pain and swelling over the medial base of the wrist. Wrist movement and gripping are painful. It is common in ice hockey, rugby, handball and similar sports.


These symptoms are caused by fracture of the scaphoid bone through trauma caused by a direct fall on to an outstretched […]

A Patient’s Guide to Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist


Doctors commonly diagnose a sprained wrist after a patient falls on an outstretched hand. However, if pain and swelling don’t go away, doctors become suspicious that the injury is actually more serious. A fall on an outstretched hand commonly breaks the scaphoid bone of the wrist. X-rays taken at the time of the injury […]