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Children’s Orthopedic Surgeons Surveyed About Treatment for Early Scoliosis

When it comes to scoliosis in very young children, things are changing in the world of pediatric orthopedics. The traditional treatment with spinal fusion, casting, and bracing is being replaced by growing rods and devices that help the chest wall expand with good spinal alignment.

Those are the main points taken from an on-line survey […]

Scoliosis

In scoliosis, lateral curvature to the left or right of part of the spine renders the vertebral column S-shaped. The cause of this complaint, which affects growing children, is unknown. It is often discovered by the physical education teacher, coach, or parents, and should lead to a visit to the doctor.

Scoliosis occurs in about […]

Scoliosis

Basics Description Scoliosis is a 3D curvature of the spine, best appreciated on an AP radiograph and physical examination. Both thoracic and lumbar segments of the spine may be affected. It is defined as a curve >10°. Classification: Etiology: Idiopathic Congenital Neuromuscular Connective tissue Degenerative Location (of the apex or middle of the curve): […]

Lumbar Spine Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description The spine is a complex system composed of bony elements, articulations, ligaments, muscles, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves divided into anterior, middle, and posterior columns. The vertebral body, lamina, and the spinous process protect the spinal cord. The lumbar spine contains 5 vertebrae and 5 nerve roots. Most lumbar spines have a […]

Klippel-Feil Syndrome

Basics Description Klippel-Feil syndrome is part of group of disorders characterized by malformations of the axial skeleton. Specifically, this syndrome is defined by the failure of segmentation of the cervical vertebrae. Its classic triad includes a low hairline, short neck, and limited neck motion. Associated conditions include congenital scoliosis, Sprengel deformity, hearing impairment, synkinesis, […]

Friedreich Ataxia

Basics Description Friedreich ataxia is an uncommon, heritable disorder causing progressive spinocerebellar degeneration. Scoliosis, ataxia, and foot deformities are the most common findings. Systems affected: Central nervous system; Heart; Skeleton Classification: No subclassifications are used in Friedreich ataxia. It is classified under the category spinocerebellar degeneration, and it is the most common example of […]

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Basics Description Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a family of disorders involving abnormal collagen that produces connective tissue laxity, with many resultant abnormalities in the skeleton, vasculature, eyes, and other systems. At least 11 subtypes of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome have been identified, with varying patterns of inheritance and genetic causes. The age at diagnosis varies from infancy […]

Congenital Pseudarthrosis

Basics Description Congenital pseudarthrosis is a rare defect of the distal tibia (at the junction of the middle 1/3 and distal 1/3) in which the bone is cystic and bowed and eventually fractures. The bone is dysplastic from birth. The deformity often increases with age. The abnormality may not be noticed unless anterior bowing […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]

Trochanteric Bursitis

WHAT IS TROCHANTERIC BURSITIS?

Trochanteric bursitis is inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac near the lateral point of the hip joint known as the greater trochanter. When this bursa becomes irritated or inflamed, it causes pain in the hip. This is a common cause of hip pain.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

One of the […]