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Facet Joint Arthritis (Spondylarthritis) in Singapore

Lumbar Joint Arthritis

Lumbar Joint Arthritis

In case of significant arthritic changes of the facet joints with hypertrophy of the capsule, hypertrophied facet osteophytes, incomplete spontaneous fusion of the facet joints, and air inclusion, the patients may profit from a facet joint infiltration. If a temporary pain release can be reached, a direct fusion or screw fixation […]


The goal of treatment is return to play by the athlete. Athletes can perform a certain level of activity if they have conditioned themselves both physically and mentally. Patient education is the key to obtaining compliance in the rehabilitation of the athlete. Although the pathology of a spinal problem appears to be complex, the athlete […]

Scaphoid Fracture


There is localised pain and swelling over the medial base of the wrist. Wrist movement and gripping are painful. It is common in ice hockey, rugby, handball and similar sports.


These symptoms are caused by fracture of the scaphoid bone through trauma caused by a direct fall on to an outstretched […]

Hallux Valgus


Increasing stiffness, aching pain and typical deformation of MTP I without preceding trauma. Often the symptoms are bilateral. This condition is commonly presented by middle-aged recreational athletes or sedentary people, predominantly female, but it can occur in younger individuals.


The aetiology is unclear but there is possibly a genetic predisposition to this disease, […]

Fracture of Metatarsal Bones


There is a sharp localised exerciseinduced pain over a metatarsal bone. Most commonly, MT IV or V are affected, often after a previous sprain or after a direct impact injury.


The injury is either caused by direct impact, for example from football boot studs, or by excessive repetitive stress from forefoot running or […]

Talus Fracture

Basics Description The talus, a small bone in the hindfoot: Articulates with the calcaneus and the remainder of the midfoot bones Supports the body’s weight and distributes the body’s forces to the foot Is critical to proper function of the foot Is covered (~60%) with articular cartilage Is vascularly supplied by vessels through a […]

Scaphoid Fracture

Basics Description Fracture of the most radial (thumb side) of the carpal bones, usually as a result of a dorsiflexion injury to the wrist The most common of the carpal fractures, estimated at 60% Frequent problems include delayed diagnosis and nonunion. Classification: Chronologically: Acute or chronic Anatomically: In the proximal, middle, or distal third […]

Fibula Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the fibula can be described by anatomic position as proximal, midshaft, or distal. Fractures may involve the knee, tibiofibular syndesmosis, tibia, or ankle joint. Rarely, a fracture of the fibula may be isolated but, in general, the force required to fracture the fibula also breaks other structures in the leg. […]

Ankle Arthritis

Basics Description The ankle joint is subject to osteoarthritis, but less frequently than other joints, such as the hip and knee . Trauma and abnormal ankle mechanics are the most common causes of ankle arthritis. Demographically, posttraumatic ankle arthritis presents in a younger age group than does primary osteoarthritis. Chronic ankle instability, OCDs, and […]

A Patient’s Guide to Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist


Doctors commonly diagnose a sprained wrist after a patient falls on an outstretched hand. However, if pain and swelling don’t go away, doctors become suspicious that the injury is actually more serious. A fall on an outstretched hand commonly breaks the scaphoid bone of the wrist. X-rays taken at the time of the injury […]