Specialists

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DORSAL

The medial and lateral malleoli are easily palpated.A horizontal line drawn 2 cm proximal to the tip of the lateral malleolus and 1 cm proximal to the tip of the medial malleolus closely delineates the inferior tibial border. During a resisted dorsiflexion, the tendons of the tibialis anterior , the extensor hallucis longus and the […]

Tarsal Coalition

SYMPTOMS

There is diffuse exercise-induced aching pain around the sub-talar joint, sometimes after previous sprain.

AETIOLOGY

The aetiology is unclear. Sub-talar structures fuse over time by fibrosis or callus formation.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

There is tenderness on palpation over the sub-talar joint (sinus tarsi), decreased mobility and swelling.

INVESTIGATIONS

X-ray may show talo-navicular coalition; talo-calcaneal coalition […]

Sub-Talar Instability and Pain

SYMPTOMS

There is increasing stiffness or sense of instability combined with diffuse aching pain around and below the talo-tibial ankle joint, often occurring after previous sprain.

AETIOLOGY

The aetiology is unclear but the trauma may have caused structural damage to the region that can be missed.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

There is tenderness on palpation over the […]

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Basics Description MRI is a noninvasive diagnostic technique that uses hydrogen atoms in the body to create an image. MRI has several advantages over other imaging techniques: Higher contrast resolution More sensitive than CT in detecting bone marrow/soft-tissue disease No exposure to irradiation Multiplanar imaging capability Diagnosis Indications: Evaluation of joints Detection of ligament […]